Thailand is a home to a diverse collection of wild mammals in its national parks and sanctuaries. There are currently 264 mammal species in Thailand, of which 3 are critically endangered, 11 are endangered, 24 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened and 1 is extinct (Schomburgk’s deer is extinct, and the Javan and Sumatran rhinoceros are believed to be locally extinct in Thailand.).
Thailand is home to the world’s largest surviving population of wild Indochinese Tigers – Panthera tigris corbetti (approx 200) as well as many other extremely rare and cryptic mammalian species. It is also home to, amongst others, 9 species of wild cat, 4 species of gibbon, 4 species of langur, 5 species of macaque, 4 species of otter and 11 species of civet. Thai national parks and sanctauries are one of last bastions against species extinctions of the rarer mammals.